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Table 1 Different conditions of venous thromboembolism in HF patients in Japan and Western Countries

From: Reduced cardiac function and risk of venous thromboembolism in Asian countries

Items Japan Western Countries
Incidence of VTE with HF 11.20% 4%–26%
Risk level of VTE in HF Moderate Moderate
Steps when suspected PE with shock or hypotension Percutaneous Cardiopulmonary Support CT angiography
  Angiography, Echocardiography Echocardiography
  Treatment or other examine Treatment or other examine
  43.50% 50.20%
Steps when suspected PE without shock or hypotension Screening: D-dimer, Echocardiography, X-ray etc. PE Clinical probability evaluation
  Angiography or MRA or CT angiography D-dimer
  Treatment or other examine CT angiography when D-dimer positive
   Treatment or other examine
Prophylaxis rate for prevention 43.50% 50.20%