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Table 4 Biological changes during the three protocol periods

From: Effects of Ramadan fasting on platelet reactivity in diabetic patients treated with clopidogrel

  All Patients with DM n = 63 Patients without DM n = 35
Pre-Ramadan
mean (SD)
Ramadan
mean (SD)
Post-Ramadan
mean (SD)
Pre-Ramadan
mean (SD)
Ramadan
mean (SD)
Post-Ramadan
mean (SD)
Pre-Ramadan
mean (SD)
Ramadan
mean (SD)
Post-Ramadan
mean (SD)
Hematological  
 Hemoglobin g/dl 13.3 (1.2) 13.6 (1.5) 13.4 (1.3) 13.1 (1.1) 13.3 (1.3) 13.1 (1.2) 13.8 (1.1) 14.1 (1.4) 14.0 (1.1)
 Hematocrit % 41 (5) 41 (4) 40 (4) 41 (4) 40 (4) 39 (4) 42 (7) 42 (4) 41 (4)
 Platelets count × 103/ml 216 (22) 214 (21) 216 (24) 214 (24) 212 (24) 209 (23) 214 (22) 216 (23) 225 (22)
 Prothrombin time (sec) 10.8 (0.6) 10.9 (0.6) 10.9 (0.5) 10.9 (0.5) 11.1 (0.5) 11.1 (0.6) 11.1 (0.7) 11.0 (0.5) 10.9 (0.5)
 APTT (sec) 36.6 (1.6) 37.0 (1.8) 37.4 (1.7) 38.0 (2.5) 39.9 (4.2) 40.7 (4.7) 39.2 (2.5) 40.1 (3.8) 39.0 (2.8)
Biochemical  
 Glycemia mmol/l 9.6 (4.9) 10.4 (4.7)* 9.9 (4.8) 11.40 (5.05) 12.23 (4.81)* 11.50 (4.77) 6.49 (2.39) 7.04 (1.55) 6.78 (3.01)
 Cholesterol mmol/l 3.82 (1.19) 3.87 (1.26) 3.90 (1.21) 3.76 (1.13) 3.82 (1.33) 3.86 (1.21) 4.02 (1.35) 4.15 (1.19) 4.28 (1.24)
 Triglycerides mmol/l 1.76 (1.04) 2.23 (1.16)* 1.90 (1.17)£ 1.65 (0.87) 2.26 (1.91)* 1.74 (0.90)£ 1.95 (1.28) 2.16 (1.46) 2.20 (1.52)
 LDL cholesterol mmol/l 2.02 (0.97) 2.98 (0.97) 2.0 (0.98) 1.86 (0.87) 1.99 (0.87) 2.06 (0.95) 2.12 (1.20) 2.20 (1.06) 2.25 (1.06)
 HDL cholesterol mmol/l 1.01 (0.27) 0.93 (0.22)* 1.02 (0.15)£ 1.01 (0.29) 0.90 (0.23)* 0.97 (0.27) 1.01 (0.23) 1.0 (0.2) 1.05 (0.23)
  1. DM diabetes mellitus, * p < 0.05 between Pre-Ramadan and Ramadan, £ p = 0.001between Ramadan and Post-Ramadan
  2. APTT activated partial thromboplastin time, LDL/HDL low-density/high-density lipoprotein