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Table 2 Etiologies of patients (N = 48) diagnosed with unprovoked IJV (based on a literature review)

From: Unprovoked internal jugular vein thrombosis: a case report and literature review

Etiology Number (%)
Idiopathic 17 (35.4)
Paraneoplastic disease 16 (33.3)
Coagulopathy 4 (8.3)
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHS) 2 (4.2)
Antiphospholipid syndrome 2 (4.2)
Other causes 7 (14.6)