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Table 3 Patient characteristics from the literature review (see text for details)

From: Unprovoked internal jugular vein thrombosis: a case report and literature review

Median age 51 years old (16–88 y.o.)
Sex F: 26/48 (54.2%)
M: 16/48 (33.3%)
Unknown: 6/48 (12.5%)
Number of countries 17
Modality of diagnostic imaging US: 7/48 (14.6%)
CT: 11/48 (22.9%)
US + CT: 19/48 (39.5%)
US + MRI: 2/48 (4.2%)
US + CT + MRI: 2/48 (4.2%)
Other or unknown modality: 7/48 (14.6%)
Type of treatment Heparin only: 7/40 (17.5%)
Heparin + oral anticoagulant: 19/40 (47.5%)
Oral anticoagulant only: 3/40 (7.5%)
Other or unknown: 11/40 (27.5%)
Type of oral anticoagulant Vitamin K antagonists: 18/22 (81.8%)
Direct oral anticoagulants: 3/22 (13.6%)
Unknown: 1/22 (4.6%)
Treatment duration 3 months: 3/48 (6.25%)
6 months: 3/48 (6.25%)
Long-term: 5/48 (10.4%)
Other: 4/48 (8.3%)
Unknown: 33/48 (68.8%)
Complications Pulmonary embolism: 3/48 (6.25%)
Neurological complication: 0/48 (0%)
Recurrent thrombosis: 2/48 (4.15%)
Extension of thrombosis: 1/48 (2.1%)
No complication: 42/48 (87.5%)
  1. Abbreviations: F female, M male, US ultrasound, CT computed tomography, MRI magnetic resonance imaging