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Table 1 Patient characteristics stratified by patient CADVT status

From: Risk factors for central venous catheter-associated deep venous thrombosis in pediatric critical care settings identified by fusion model

Characteristics Patients with CADVT
n = 387(9.85%)
Patients without CADVT
n = 3540(90.15%)
P-value
Gender    < 0.001 *
Male 242 (62.5%) 1823 (51.5%)  
Female 145 (37.5%) 1717 (48.5%)
Age (months) Mean 44.3 ± 48.4
Median 21.8 [6.4,72.1]
Mean 32.1 ± 40.5
Median 14.5 [4.8,43.2]
< 0.001 #
Weight (kg) Mean 15.4 ± 12.4
Median 11.1 [7.0,18.7]
Mean 12.9 ± 10.9
Median 9.5 [6.3,15.5]
0.007 #
Diagnosis    < 0.001 *
Bleeding 10 (2.6%) 36 (1.0%)  
Cancer 19 (4.9%) 198 (5.6%)
CHD 60 (15.5%) 1813 (51.2%)
Intracranial space-occupying lesion 40 (10.3%) 85 (2.4%)
Cysts and mass 13 (3.4%) 218 (6.2%)
Premature infant 2 (0.5%) 27 (0.8%)
Infection/inflammation 90 (23.3%) 323 (9.1%)
Other congenital disease 15 (3.9%) 224 (6.3%)
Other 138 (35.7%) 616 (17.4%)
Length of hospital stay (days) Mean 29.3 ± 28.1
Median 21.6 [14.1,33.8]
Mean 18.0 ± 16.4
Median 14.0 [9.8,21.0]
< 0.001 #
Length of ICU stay (days) Mean 12.7 ± 18.0
Median 7.8 [2.0,16.1]
Mean 4.5 ± 12.0
Median 1.8 [0.9,4.0]
< 0.001 #
ICU admission    < 0.001 *
CICU 75 (19.4%) 2192 (61.9%)  
NICU 5 (1.3%) 122 (3.4%)
PICU 157 (40.6%) 344 (9.7%)
SICU 150 (38.8%) 882 (24.9%)
Catheter type    0.027 *
Single lumen 311 (80.4%) 2660 (75.1%)  
Double lumen 76 (19.6%) 880 (24.9%)
Catheter model    < 0.001 *
18G 94 (24.3%) 861 (24.3%)  
20G 19 (4.9%) 62 (1.8%)
22G 217 (56.1%) 1803 (50.9%)
4.0Fr 10 (2.6%) 287 (8.1%)
5.0Fr 37 (9.6%) 493 (13.9%)
Other 10 (2.6%) 34 (1.0%)
Dwell time (day) Mean 7.5 ± 9.8
Median 6.1 [2.9,9.4]
Mean 4.2 ± 4.8
Median 2.7 [0.9,5.9]
< 0.001 #
Surgery    < 0.001 *
True 252 (65.1%) 3119 (88.1%)  
False 135 (34.9%) 421 (11.9%)
Mortality 20(5.2%) 85(2.4%) 0.003 *
  1. * chi-square test; # Mann-Whitney U test