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Table 1 Values of serum leptin, insulin, TNF-α, glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, HDL, LDL and VLDL in AMI and control (non-CVD) subjects

From: “Role of the adipocyte hormone leptin in cardiovascular diseases – a study from Chennai based Population”

BMI CLASS (Kg/m 2 ) LEPTIN (ng/mL) INSULIN (μIU/mL) TNF-α (pg/mL) GLUCOSE (mg/dL) TRIGLYCERIDES (mg/dL) CHOLESTEROL (mg/dL) HDL (mg/dL) LDL (mg/dL) VLDL (mg/dL)
Normal Weight Control Subjects (21) 5.7 ± 3.8 2.6 ± 0.97 14.6 ± 2.3 124.6 ± 14.3 190.4 ± 26.8 37.8 ± 7.95 122.75 ± 10.2 26.5 ± 11.1 122.75 ± 10.2
AMI Subjects (58) 19.4 ± 3.3 13.4 ± 3.3 37.9 ± 5.2 152.3 ± 18.6 200.9 ± 19.7 40.54 ± 9.2 129.8 ± 8.6 28.6 ± 13 129.8 ± 8.6
p Value# <0.0001**** <0.0001**** <0.0001**** 0.3415 0.37 0.415 0.29 0.8 0.29
Over Weight Control Subjects (46) 10.5 ± 4.2 3.4 ± 1.8 14.2 ± 2.1 144.13 ± 21.3 174.4 ± 23.4 35.1 ± 9.8 112.02 ± 12.4 28.8 ± 13.3 112.02 ± 12.4
AMI Subjects (29) 31.7 ± 5.2 15 ± 5.8 41.8 ± 6.5 186.3 ± 19.6 221.65 ± 27.8 43.9 ± 9.3 134.6 ± 15.2 38.2 ± 14.9 134.6 ± 15.2
p Value# 0.0007*** <0.0001**** <0.0001**** 0.004** 0.0008*** 0.0009*** 0.008** 0.03* 0.008**
OBESE Control Subjects (33) 26.9 ± 9.1 7.1 ± 4.4 15.95 ± 1.9 167.9 ± 25.8 193.4 ± 23.4 37.97 ± 10.22 117.2 ± 17.2 32.5 ± 16.5 117.2 ± 17.2
AMI Subjects (13) 51.5 ± 12.4 31.35 ± 7.5 46.8 ± 5.9 219.4 ± 21.4 221 ± 28.32 39.7 ± 10.3 135.9 ± 12.6 33 ± 10.9 135.9 ± 12.6
p Value# 0.02* <0.0001**** <0.0001**** 0.003** 0.18 0.95 0.03* 0.52 0.03*
  1. *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001; ****p<0.0001.